A Historical and Political Background on Migration Flows, Human Rights Violations and Internal Conflicts
In order to understand mixed migration flows and properly address the vulnerability of persons – and especially women and children – on the move, it is of utmost importance to analyse the structural causes and factors driving the decision to migrate. Conditions of vulnerability are often the result of policies and practices that place individuals in circumstances where they feel that they have no choice but to submit to a harmful alternative. Moreover, where refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants are simply returned to their countries without consideration for the underlying root causes of their movement, they may simply attempt to migrate again – often under more dangerous conditions than those endured before. This report will investigate the challenges that men, women and children face across Myanmar as country of origin of migration movements. First, it will analyse the structural causes influencing migration flows, including the
complex historical and political context, the constitutional and legal obstacles to freedom, and the gender and economic inequalities affecting people’s lives. Then, it will assess the underlying risk of immediate violence across Myanmar, as indicated by the center-periphery conflicts that continue to cause the loss of civilian lives and the displacement of thousands of people every year. Finally, the report will argue that, whether a person’s journey is driven by financial motivations or safety concerns, we need to look at the ‘human dimension’ of migration and work together to ensure everyone’s safety, dignity and security.
Download the full article: On the Margins: Women and Minors in Lawless Spaces Country Profile: Myanmar
Photo: “Displaced Rohingya people in Rakhine State” by “Foreign & Commonwealth Office” Licensed under Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-ND 2.0). Accessed 5 October 2018. https://www.flickr.com/photos/28876688@N03/2697297072/in/gallery-43397057@N04-72157622552078134/